The functions of the NBA include the following:
- To receive, process, respond to and making decisions on applications under the Act;
- To establish an administrative mechanism to ensure the appropriate handling and storage of documents and data in connection with applications and other matters covered under the Act.
- To act as the National Focal Point responsible for liaising with any other agencies or international organizations concerned with biotechnology and biosafety, and
- To promote public awareness, participation and education concerning the activities of the Authority under the Act.